Shingles are a very common disease. Studies show that about one third of the world’s population has shingles.
Shingles is a result of re-activity of the herpes zoster virus (varicella-zoster virus or VZV). This virus is also the cause of chickenpox in children.
Shingles usually do not endanger life, so many people often ignore the treatment of it.
However, if you are not careful, shingles can cause scarring and some unwanted complications. Shingles are easily confused with other diseases.
Because of these reasons, it is essential to identify shingles for proper treatment. However, before going through the shingles remedies, let’s take a look at some basic information about this disease. From there, you can accurately pinpoint your condition.
1. What is Shingles?
Shingles in English is Shingles, originating from Latin and French meaning belts. It accurately reflects the distribution of the rashes causing pain. These rashes are usually located on only one side of the body and in the dominant region of a single sensory nerve, usually on the trunk, neck or face.
The condition of shingles is a result of re-activity of the herpes zoster virus (varicella-zoster virus or VZV). This virus is also the cause of chickenpox in the child. The chickenpox virus resides inside the body in the state of “sleep” inside the sensory nerves.
This virus will “wake up” after causing chickenpox years ago in the body of one of five people who have had chickenpox. The virus then travels along the sensory nerves to the skin and produces the most common rashes known as shingles.
Anyone who has ever had chickenpox or who has ever been vaccinated can become infected with herpes zoster that causes shingles. Most people with shingles are healthy. It is not necessary to use specific tests if your immune system is good.
2. What are Common Causes Of Shingles?
No one knows exactly why the chickenpox virus can reactivate and cause shingles. Some possibilities are:
The Weakened Immune System
As the varicella zoster virus contacts the body, it spreads, causing ulceration and itching. Then, this virus enters the neuron and lasts for some time. When conditions such as stress, fatigue, age, illness or medication that reduces the body’s ability to resist the chickenpox virus in an inactive state are met, this virus reacts and develops sensory nerves, causing shingles.
People with a history of chickenpox as a child will be more likely to develop shingles than those who do not have chickenpox.
People treated with radiation therapy such as cancer or those who have had a tissue transplant are less likely to be resistant to infection, so they are more susceptible to shingles.
The shortest way to spread shingles is through casual contact between the sick person and people around them. Just sharing a towel or bed with a sick person is enough to spread the disease. Especially for the mother who is shingles and they are raising their baby, the baby is also easily shingles.
Shingles can be transmitted from an infected person to a child or adult who has not had chickenpox before. Instead of shingles, these people have chickenpox. Once these people have had chickenpox, they will not get shingles from others.
However, once infected with shingles, they are likely to have shingles later in life. When all the blisters are dry, it is no longer infectious.
What are Symptoms of Shingles?
Signs of this shingles usually appear 1 to 3 days before the rash. At this time, the patient will feel itching and aching at the affected site. Then, when the disease develops, the person may have a fever, uncomfortable headaches and chills. After 7 to 10 days, these blisters begin to break off, drainage and gradually dry up into scar tissue.
There are three manifestations of typical shingles:
The virus attacks the immune system and weakens the immune system. Depending on the age and health of each person, the level of fever varies. Children can get high fever right from the beginning. Adults have mild fever and then have a high fever, however, they never get a fever more than 40 degrees Celsius.
Burning On The Skin Surface
This is the most obvious symptom of shingles. They cause pain, shingles and redness. At first it may feel like itching but then it can be painful.
This condition occurs immediately after the patient has fever 1-2 days. The characteristics of these blisters are: Vesicles are concentrated at the nerve with a diameter of 3 -5 mm, the surface of the acne is covered by a thin layer of pink skin, acne contain water and sclerosis is higher than uninfected skin.
Some people have signs and symptoms in addition to pain and a rash. These symptoms may include:
- The muscles are tired
Other rare but serious complications include:
- Pain or rash related to the eye. This condition needs to be treated to avoid permanent eye damage.
- Having a hearing loss, feeling an intense pain in the ear, dizziness or loss of taste. This may be a symptom of Ramsay Hunt syndrome.
- Bacterial infection. You may experience this condition if your skin becomes red, swollen and warm when touched.
Who Is At Risk Of Shingles?
Most shingles cure themselves within 2-3 weeks. Shingles rarely happen more than once in a person but most people will have shingles at some point in their life.
Do you wonder what time is shingles appear? Sometimes, a stressful period or illness can also be the answer to this situation. In particular, the weakening immune system in the elderly can cause the virus to reactivate and cause disease. In addition, some subjects are susceptible to shingles include:
Some young people with poor immune systems, people with HIV / AIDS.
People taking high dose steroids (prednisolone 40mg per day for more than 1 week, or have taken steroids within the previous 3 months).
Users low dose steroids, but in combination with immunosuppressive drugs.
People taking anti arthritis medications that can affect the bone marrow.
People who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Those who had an organ transplant and are immunosuppressive treatment.
3. When to See a Doctor?
Shingles usually can be treated at home. Only after seven to ten days is the disease showing signs of retreat and progressing. We will not have to go to the hospital for treatment.
However, in some special cases, it may be necessary for a health-care worker to intervene, in particular, in one of the following situations:
- Shingles near the eyes and ears must be examined. If you do not let nervous nerves run into the ear or medication to fall into the eye or ear is very dangerous.
- Shingles not only localized on one side but spread to the opposite side. In particular, the chest, back, neck and nape of the cheek when severe can spread to the opposite side of it.
- Necrotic nervous disease. Damaged skin shows ulcers and necrosis.
- Shingles on a large scale such as the half-body from the abdomen to the back, shingles neuronal infection, pus all the nodules hurt.
- Neonatal shingles occur when patients are on treatment for a number of other ailments such as AIDS, hepatitis, cancer and autoimmune diseases.
In all these cases, early medical checkups will help you to prevent shingles from developing and prevent further complications.
4. Home Remedies For Shingles
You have just learned the information about shingles. This disease can cause scars, loss of aesthetics, or cause some health complications.
However, do not worry too much. If you know the right treatment, you can treat it. If you do not notice some of the serious signs that we mentioned above, it is not necessary to go to a doctor.
You can completely apply the home remedies for shingles mentioned in this article. They are simple, safe and can be made right at your home. Let’s find out about these remedies!
Placing the first place is a very popular kitchen spices. Considered a “natural antibiotic,” in addition to the use of respiratory diseases such as pharyngitis, cough and tonsillitis. The garlic also helps you resolve the symptoms of shingles.
Essence in garlic helps kill bacteria, antiviral and support effective treatment. Cut 2 to 3 slices on top of the shampoo for 15 minutes.
Then wash the shingles area with water. Antimicrobial in garlic helps kill bacteria and heals the shingles quickly.
Tea Tree Oil
With the use of destroying many types of bacteria, tea tree oil is also an effective method of curing shingles.
Remember to apply the diluted essential oil to the affected area 3 times a day for good results.The disease will be resolved shortly after several times applying this way because of the bactericidal effect of this natural essential oil.
As soon as the signs of shingles are detected with itchy or burning sensation … use ice to cover this area. The temperature of the ice can make you feel more comfortable. They also control outbreaks of outbreaks.
Besides, ice’s cold temperature can help relieve pain and swelling of the acne and prevent the spread. This treatment is applied when skin areas are affected before rash, preferably when there is a tingling sensation.
The calcium component available in milk helps fight off the virus causing the disease. Milk helps to heal wounds and acne.
You just need a little cotton to absorb into the milk and then dip into the shingles for a few minutes. Every day about 2-3 times like that. This is a simple cure for shingles.
Aloe vera reduces the unpleasant feeling of tingling caused by swelling. You can make water to drink or apply directly on the skin.
To drink: cut about 1 aloe vera (about 65 g), remove all sides of the spine because of many toxins. Then grind the almonds and add to the warm water. Remove the residue and drink this water once a day.
Used to cover the outside: take a small gristle of aloe vera blended into the bowl and then mashed green beans mixed well with the juice was crushed.
Apply aloe vera to painful swelling. If you see dry skin, apply again. Repeat for about 4-5 days, the disease will heal without scarring.
The discomfort caused by the disease is also soon removed if you use onions for treatment. Since ancient times, garlic has been used as an antiseptic. Many experiments have shown that garlic actually can kill some of the most damaging shingles.
Onions have an effect on shingles damaged thanks to the anti-inflammatory properties that help heal blisters. Apply a thin slice of onion on the affected areas and rinse again after a few minutes as if using garlic.
Honey is also a “weapon” to help kill bacteria, fight inflammation and heal the damage caused by the disease quickly. Not only that, the nutrients in honey also care for the skin disease, making it soft again.
Honey acts to kill bacteria, to fight against viruses, so it works well with shingles. Apply directly to infected skin area then rinse with water. Repeat every day, your shingles will no longer feel itchy and soon heal.
Not all creams have the effect of healing or alleviating the discomforts that shingles cause. Lotion fragrance is easy to irritate and discomfort.
Should use gentle lotions like Calamine Lotion to soothe the affected skin. Wash hands after applying lotion. You can pass the virus on to others if you do not wash your hands thoroughly with soap.
Wet gauze gives the same effect as when you take a cold shower. It reduces skin irritation. Soak the clean towel in cold water, squeeze the juice out, apply to the affected skin for a few minutes and then remove.
Do not replace wet gauze with ice. Again, do not re-use towels that have been exposed to blisters. Used towels, even if thrown away, must be rinsed with hot water to avoid spreading to others.
The tannins present in tea leaves have antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties. This is the simplest way to treat shingles before having blisters.
Use the following: boil black tea bags and use warm or cold tea to wash the skin area in about 5 minutes. Repeat this process 2 – 3 times daily until the desired effect is achieved.
To best support the treatment of shingles, patients should note the taboos in daily living and diet:
Foods Containing Arginine
Foods that are familiar to many people, such as white bread, chocolate, wheat, oats, yeast and some arginine-containing nuts, can replicate and shingles the virus.
Refined grains contain sugar that the body easily absorbs, increasing the risk of blood sugar mutations. High blood sugar may be associated with fluid and electrolyte disturbances and increased risk of infections, which can lead to shingles wounds that are difficult to treat.
This type of fat, when combined with the herpes zoster virus, exacerbates the inflammation. Herpes zoster can cause inflammation around the eyes, affecting the cornea and iris and increases the risk of cataracts and glaucoma. It is therefore advisable to limit the types of foods that are processed in the form of fried foods that contain high levels of trans fat.
Alcohol And Alcoholic Beverages
Foods and alcoholic beverages should be restricted, especially alcohol, because they can block the immune system and it causes the herpes zoster virus to spread more quickly, which makes the disease worse and more difficult to treat.
Many people mistakenly believe that patients with shingles should abstain from water and wind. However, the patient only noted not scratch, do not directly rub soap on the skin is shingles.
If after applying these home remedies for shingles and your symptoms do not improve, you should see a doctor for advice on appropriate treatment and to avoid complications possibly occurring.